Verbs of all tone categories, in the following frame: accomplished+verb+perfective, 2012


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Translation
fr en zh
Notes
W1 stop écouter
le˧-dzɯ˥-ze˩. | le˧-dzɯ˥-ze˩.

…a mangé

吃了

…has eaten

Tone of verb: H
W2 stop écouter
le˧-ʝi˥-ze˩. | le˧-ʝi˥-ze˩.

…a fait

做了

…has done

Tone of verb: H
W3 stop écouter
le˧-dv̩˥-ze˩. | le˧-dv̩˥-ze˩.

…a creusé

挖了

…has dug

Tone of verb: H
W4 stop écouter
le˧-dv̩˥-ze˩. | le˧-dv̩˥-ze˩.

…a creusé

挖了

…has dug

Tone of verb: H
W5 stop écouter
le˧-se˥-ze˩. | le˧-se˥-ze˩.

…a marché

走了

…has walked

Tone of verb: H
W6 stop écouter
le˧-tɕʰi˧-ze˧. | le˧-tɕʰi˧-ze˧.

…a vendu

卖了

…has sold

Tone of verb: Mb
W7 stop écouter
le˧-tɕʰi˧-ze˧. | le˧-tɕʰi˧-ze˧.

…a vendu

卖了

…has sold

Tone of verb: Mb
W8 stop écouter
njɤ˧ | tso˧~tso˧ tɕʰi˧. | njɤ˧ | tso˧~tso˧ tɕʰi˧.

Je vends des choses.

我卖东西。

I sell things.

Tone of verb: Mb
W9 stop écouter
le˧-li˧-ze˧. | le˧-li˧-ze˧.

…a regardé

看了

looked

Tone of verb: Ma
W10 stop écouter
le˧-li˧-ze˧. | le˧-li˧-ze˧.

…a regardé

看了

looked

Tone of verb: Ma
W11 stop écouter
njɤ˧ | tso˧~tso˧ li˩.

Je regarde des choses.

我看东西。

I look at things.

Tone of verb: Ma
W12 stop écouter
le˧-bi˩-ze˩. | le˧-bi˩-ze˩.

….est reparti

回去了

…has gone back, has left

This verb is one of five exceptional M-tone verbs (tone: Mc): /bi˧/, and its past form /hɯ˧/; /gv̩˧/ ‘to pass (of time)’; /ʝi˧/ ‘to come’; and /pv̩˧/ ‘to chant’. The pattern is M.L.L: /le˧-bi˩-ze˩/, etc. For other M-tone verbs, the pattern is: le˧-____˧-ze˧.
W13 stop écouter
le˧-bi˩-ze˩. | le˧-bi˩-ze˩.

….est reparti

回去了

…has gone back, has left

This verb is one of five exceptional M-tone verbs (tone: Mc): /bi˧/, and its past form /hɯ˧/; /gv̩˧/ ‘to pass (of time)’; /ʝi˧/ ‘to come’; and /pv̩˧/ ‘to chant’. The pattern is M.L.L: /le˧-bi˩-ze˩/, etc. For other M-tone verbs, the pattern is: le˧-____˧-ze˧.
W14 stop écouter
le˧-bi˩-ze˩

…est reparti

回去了

…has gone back, has left

This verb is one of five exceptional M-tone verbs (tone: Mc): /bi˧/, and its past form /hɯ˧/; /gv̩˧/ ‘to pass (of time)’; /ʝi˧/ ‘to come’; and /pv̩˧/ ‘to chant’. The pattern is M.L.L: /le˧-bi˩-ze˩/, etc. For other M-tone verbs, the pattern is: le˧-____˧-ze˧.
W15 stop écouter
le˧-bi˩-ze˩

…est reparti

回去了

…has gone back, has left

This verb is one of five exceptional M-tone verbs (tone: Mc): /bi˧/, and its past form /hɯ˧/; /gv̩˧/ ‘to pass (of time)’; /ʝi˧/ ‘to come’; and /pv̩˧/ ‘to chant’. The pattern is M.L.L: /le˧-bi˩-ze˩/, etc. For other M-tone verbs, the pattern is: le˧-____˧-ze˧.
Hyperarticulated token, separating successive syllables
W16 stop écouter
le˧[-bi˩-ze˩]

…est reparti

回去了

…has gone back, has left

The speaker only says the first syllable: the °accomplished morpheme, /le-/.
W17 stop écouter
bi˧-ze˧! | njɤ˧ | bi˧-ze˧! | njɤ˧ | bi˧-ze˧!

J'y vais!

我走了!

I'm going! / I'm leaving!

This verb is one of five exceptional M-tone verbs (tone: Mc): /bi˧/, and its past form /hɯ˧/; /gv̩˧/ ‘to pass (of time)’; /ʝi˧/ ‘to come’; and /pv̩˧/ ‘to chant’. The pattern is M.L.L: /le˧-bi˩-ze˩/, etc. For other M-tone verbs, the pattern is: le˧-____˧-ze˧.
W18 stop écouter
le˧-bæ˩-ze˩. | le˧-bæ˩-ze˩.

…a balayé

扫了

…has swept

Tone of verb: La
W19 stop écouter
le˧-ʑi˩-ze˩. | le˧-ʑi˩-ze˩.

…a pris

拿了

…has taken

Tone of verb: La
W20 stop écouter
le˧-ʈʰɯ˩-ze˩. | le˧-ʈʰɯ˩-ze˩.

…a bu

喝了

…has drunk

Tone of verb: Lb
W21 stop écouter
le˧-ʐwɤ˩-ze˩. | le˧-ʐwɤ˩-ze˩.

…a parlé

说了

…has spoken

Tone of verb: Lb
W22 stop écouter
le˧-lɑ˧-ze˥. | le˧-lɑ˧-ze˥.

…a frappé

打了

…has struck

Tone of verb: MH
W23 stop écouter
le˧-tɕɤ˧-ze˥. | le˧-tɕɤ˧-ze˥.

…a bouilli

煮了

…has boiled

Tone of verb: MH
W24 stop écouter
le˧-ʐv̩˧-ze˥. | le˧-ʐv̩˧-ze˥.

…a cousu

缝了

…has sewn

Tone of verb: MH
W25 stop écouter
le˧-gɤ˧-ze˥. | le˧-gɤ˧-ze˥.

…a porté à l'épaule

扛了

…has carried over her shoulder

Tone of verb: MH