Verbs of tone categories M, H, La and Lb, in the following frame: durative+verb+progressive, 2007


Continuous playing:

Transcription
Translation
fr en zh
Notes
W1 stop écouter
ʈʂʰɯ˧ | tʰi˧-ʐæ˧-dʑo˧

en train de rire

正在大笑

in the process of laughing

/dʑo/: progressive
lexical tone: Ma
W2 stop écouter
ʈʂʰɯ˧ | tʰi˧-ʐæ˧-dʑo˧

en train de rire

正在大笑

in the process of laughing

/dʑo/: progressive
lexical tone: Ma
W3 stop écouter
ʈʂʰɯ˧ | tʰi˧-ʐæ˧-dʑo˧

en train de rire

正在大笑

in the process of laughing

/dʑo/: progressive
lexical tone: Ma
W4 stop écouter
tʰi˧-ʐæ˧-dʑo˧

en train de rire

正在大笑

in the process of laughing

/dʑo/: progressive
lexical tone: Ma
hyperarticulated realization, separating successive syllables
W5 stop écouter
ʈʂʰɯ˧ | tʰi˧-ʐæ˧-dʑo˧. | ʈʂʰɯ˧ | tʰi˧-ʐæ˧-dʑo˧.

en train de rire

正在大笑

in the process of laughing

/dʑo/: progressive
lexical tone: Ma
W6 stop écouter
ʈʂʰɯ˧ | tʰi˧-ʐæ˧-dʑo˧

en train de rire

正在大笑

in the process of laughing

/dʑo/: progressive
lexical tone: Ma
W7 stop écouter
ʈʂʰɯ˧ | tʰi˧-ʐæ˧-dʑo˧

en train de rire

正在大笑

in the process of laughing

/dʑo/: progressive
lexical tone: Ma
W8 stop écouter
ʈʂʰɯ˧ | tʰi˧-fv̩˧-dʑo˧

en train d'être joyeux

正在高兴

in the process of being glad

/dʑo/: progressive
lexical tone: Ma
W9 stop écouter
ʈʂʰɯ˧ | tʰi˧-fv̩˧-dʑo˧. | ʈʂʰɯ˧ | tʰi˧-fv̩˧-dʑo˧.

en train d'être joyeux

正在高兴

in the process of being glad

/dʑo/: progressive
lexical tone: Ma
W10 stop écouter
ʈʂʰɯ˧ | tʰi˧-fv̩˧-dʑo˧

en train d'être joyeux

正在高兴

in the process of being glad

/dʑo/: progressive
lexical tone: Ma
W11 stop écouter
ʈʂʰɯ˧ | tʰi˧-fv̩˧-dʑo˧

en train d'être joyeux

正在高兴

in the process of being glad

/dʑo/: progressive
lexical tone: Ma
W12 stop écouter
ʈʂʰɯ˧ | tʰi˧-fv̩˧-dʑo˧

en train d'être joyeux

正在高兴

in the process of being glad

/dʑo/: progressive
lexical tone: Ma
W13 stop écouter
ʈʂʰɯ˧ | tʰi˧-fv̩˧-dʑo˧

en train d'être joyeux

正在高兴

in the process of being glad

/dʑo/: progressive
lexical tone: Ma
W14 stop écouter
ʈʂʰɯ˧ | tʰi˧-fv̩˧-dʑo˧

en train d'être joyeux

正在高兴!

in the process of being glad

/dʑo/: progressive
lexical tone: Ma
W15 stop écouter
ʈʂʰɯ˧ | ɖwæ˧˥ | fv̩˧!

il est très content!

他很高兴!

He's very joyful!

This is a more idiomatic phrasing than the elicited phrase, which is correct but awkward: 'in the process of being glad'.
W16 stop écouter
ĩ˧, | ʈʂʰɯ˧ | ɖwæ˧˥ | fv̩˧! |

il est très content!

他很高兴!

He's very joyful!

This is a more idiomatic phrasing than the elicited phrase, which is correct but awkward: 'in the process of being glad'.
W17 stop écouter
ʈʂʰɯ˧ | ɖwæ˧˥ | fv̩˧!

il est très content!

他很高兴!

He's very joyful!

This is a more idiomatic phrasing than the elicited phrase, which is correct but awkward: 'in the process of being glad'.
W18 stop écouter
ʈʂʰɯ˧ | ɖwæ˧˥ | fv̩˧!

il est très content!

他很高兴!

He's very joyful!

This is a more idiomatic phrasing than the elicited phrase, which is correct but awkward: 'in the process of being glad'.
W19 stop écouter
tʰi˧-se˧~se˧-hĩ˧

qui marche

正在走的

in the process of walking

/hĩ/: relativizer
lexical tone: H
Reduplicated form.
W20 stop écouter
"tʰi˧-se˧~se˧-dʑo˩" | pi˧-mv̩˩! | tʰi˧-se˧~se˧-dʑo˩

en train de marcher

正在走的

in the process of walking

/dʑo/: progressive
lexical tone: H
Reduplicated form.
W21 stop écouter
tʰi˧-se˧~se˧-dʑo˩

en train de marcher

正在走的

in the process of walking

/dʑo/: progressive
lexical tone: H
Reduplicated form.
W22 stop écouter
tʰi˧-se˧~se˧-dʑo˩

en train de marcher

正在走的

in the process of walking

/dʑo/: progressive
lexical tone: H
Reduplicated form.
W23 stop écouter
"tʰi˧-se˧~se˧-dʑo˩" | pi˧-mv̩˩.

en train de marcher

正在走的

in the process of walking

/dʑo/: progressive
lexical tone: H
Reduplicated form.
W24 stop écouter
tʰi˧-se˧~se˧-dʑo˩

en train de marcher

正在走的

in the process of walking

/dʑo/: progressive
lexical tone: H
Reduplicated form.
W25 stop écouter
tʰi˧-se˧~se˧-dʑo˩

en train de marcher

正在走的

in the process of walking

/dʑo/: progressive
lexical tone: H
Reduplicated form.
W26 stop écouter
tʰi˧-se˧~se˧-dʑo˩, | pi˧.

en train de marcher

正在走的

in the process of walking

/dʑo/: progressive
lexical tone: H
Reduplicated form.
W27 stop écouter
ʈʂʰɯ˧ | tʰi˧-dzɯ˥-dʑo˩

en train de manger

正在吃

in the process of eating

/dʑo/: progressive
lexical tone: H
W28 stop écouter
"ʈʂʰɯ˧ | tʰi˧-dzɯ˥-dʑo˩" | pi˧-mv̩˩.

en train de manger

正在吃

in the process of eating

/dʑo/: progressive
lexical tone: H
W29 stop écouter
tʰi˧-dzɯ˥-dʑo˩

en train de manger

正在吃

in the process of eating

/dʑo/: progressive
lexical tone: H
Hyperarticulated realization, bringing out the rhyme of the verb.
W30 stop écouter
ʈʂʰɯ˧ | tʰi˧-dzɯ˥-dʑo˩

en train de manger

正在吃

in the process of eating

/dʑo/: progressive
lexical tone: H
W31 stop écouter
"ʈʂʰɯ˧ | tʰi˧-dzɯ˥-dʑo˩" | pi˧-mv̩˩. | tʰi˧-dzɯ˥-dʑo˩

en train de manger

正在吃

in the process of eating

/dʑo/: progressive
lexical tone: H
W32 stop écouter
ʈʂʰɯ˧ | tʰi˧-gwɤ˩-dʑo˩

en train de chanter

正在唱

in the process of singing

/dʑo/: progressive
lexical tone: La
W33 stop écouter
ʈʂʰɯ˧ | tʰi˧-gwɤ˩-dʑo˩

en train de chanter

正在唱

in the process of singing

/dʑo/: progressive
lexical tone: La
W34 stop écouter
gwɤ˩˥

chanter


to sing

W35 stop écouter
ʈʂʰɯ˧ | tʰi˧-ŋv̩˩-dʑo˩. | "ʈʂʰɯ˧ | tʰi˧-ŋv̩˩-dʑo˩" | pi˧-mv̩˩.

en train de pleurer

正在哭

in the process of crying

/dʑo/: progressive
lexical tone: La
W36 stop écouter
ŋv̩˩˥

pleurer


to cry

W37 stop écouter
tʰi˧-ʐwɤ˩-dʑo˩

en train de parler

正在说

in the process of speaking

/dʑo/: progressive
lexical tone: Lb
W38 stop écouter
"ʈʂʰɯ˧ | tʰi˧-ʐwɤ˩-dʑo˩" | pi˧ | -mv̩˩. | "ʈʂʰɯ˧ | tʰi˧-ʐwɤ˩-dʑo˩" | pi˧ | -mv̩˩.

Il est en train de parler

他正在说话。

He is in the process of speaking

/dʑo/: progressive
lexical tone: Lb
W39 stop écouter
tʰi˧-ʐwɤ˩-dʑo˩

Il est en train de parler

他正在说话。

He is in the process of speaking

/dʑo/: progressive
lexical tone: Lb
W40 stop écouter
ʈʂʰɯ˧ | tʰi˧-ʐwɤ˩-dʑo˩

en train de parler

正在说

in the process of speaking

/dʑo/: progressive
lexical tone: Lb
W41 stop écouter
"ʈʂʰɯ˧ | tʰi˧-ʐwɤ˩-dʑo˩" | pi˧.

en train de parler

正在说

in the process of speaking

/dʑo/: progressive
lexical tone: Lb
W42 stop écouter
"ʈʂʰɯ˧ | tʰi˧-ʐwɤ˩-dʑo˩" | pi˧, | le˧-tsɤ˧!

On dit "en train de parler", et c'est bon! / c'est bien comme ça!

正在说

in the process of speaking

/dʑo/: progressive
lexical tone: Lb
W43 stop écouter
"ʈʂʰɯ˧ | tʰi˧-ʐwɤ˩-dʑo˩" | pi˧!

en train de parler

正在说

in the process of speaking

/dʑo/: progressive
lexical tone: Lb
Hyperarticulated realization, separating successive syllables
W44 stop écouter
"ʈʂʰɯ˧ | tʰi˧-ʐwɤ˩-dʑo˩" | pi˧, | le˧-tsɤ˧-ɲi˥-mæ˩!

On dit "en train de parler" et c'est bon!

正在说

in the process of speaking

/dʑo/: progressive
lexical tone: Lb
W45 stop écouter
"ʈʂʰɯ˧ | tʰi˧-ʐwɤ˩-dʑo˩" | pi˧, | le˧-tsɤ˧-ɲi˥-mæ˩!

On dit "en train de parler"; c'est correct comme ça, enfin!

说的是“正在说”,这样对了嘛!

We say "in the process of speaking"; that is the correct way to say it, hey!

/dʑo/: progressive
lexical tone: Lb
W46 stop écouter
"ʈʂʰɯ˧ | tʰi˧-ʐwɤ˩-dʑo˩" | pi˧-ɲi˥-tsɯ˩-mæ˩!

en train de parler

正在说

in the process of speaking

/dʑo/: progressive
lexical tone: Lb
Hyperarticulated realization, separating successive syllables
W47 stop écouter
ʈʂʰɯ˧ | tʰi˧-ʐwɤ˩-dʑo˩

en train de parler

正在说

in the process of speaking

/dʑo/: progressive
lexical tone: Lb
W48 stop écouter
dʑɯ˧ | ə˩-dʑo˥? | dʑɯ˧ | ə˩-dʑo˥?

y a-t-il de l'eau?

有水吗?

Is there some water?

W49 stop écouter
"dʑo˧!" | pi˧-mv̩˩! | "dʑo˧!"

"Oui, il y en a!" C'est ça qu'on dit! "Il y en a!"

“有!”,是这样说的!“有!”

"Yes, there is!", this is how we say it. "Yes, there is!"